There’s more to becoming a new entrepreneur than getting your business cards printed. As a budding business owner in Canada, you’ll need to accomplish a number of accounting-related tasks. Before you start ticking off boxes in the start-up accounting checklist below, however, you should consult with a legal advisor to ensure your business is properly set up and registered.
Start-up Accounting Checklist for New Business Owners
The first step to starting your business is registering your business. Professional advice and a business plan are essential when registering your business.
◻︎Name your business and request for legal approval of the business name
The first thing your lawyer will do is submit a name reservation request on behalf of your company, and a request for legal approval of the name that you’ve chosen.
☞ Pro Tip: You should have several name options in mind, in case your preferred business name has already been taken.
◻︎Register your business
When you are registering for your business, you’ll also need to consider the legal structure of your business.
Whether you register as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation will impact:
- how you report your income and expenses,
- which annual tax returns you’ll file, and
- the liability you’ll assume
If you plan to work with partners, you should speak to your lawyer about drawing up a shareholders’ agreement. Things don’t always go as planned when you start a business, so it’s important to clarify how decisions and disputes will be handled.
◻︎Get your CRA business number
Finally, you should also ask your lawyer to assist you with getting your Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) business number and setting up your CRA payroll and GST sales tax accounts.
Once your company’s registered and you have your business number in hand, you can move on to the start-up accounting checklist below:
◻︎ Open a dedicated business bank account
This step is critical since having business and personal transactions flow through the same bank account can lead to:
- disorganized bookkeeping records,
- missed business deductions,
- cash flow issues, and
- higher year-end accounting costs.
☞ Pro Tip: Be sure to ask your bank which documents to bring when setting up your business account.
□ Apply for a dedicated business credit card
You may not qualify for a business credit card right away, but for reasons described above, you should at least use a separate personal credit card for all your product and service business expenses.
□ Hire an accountant for basic (but invaluable) tax advice
Your tax advisor may, for example, recommend incorporating so you can take advantage of the small business deduction (a reduced tax rate for Canadian controlled private corporations).
□ Set up a versatile, scalable accounting system
When you start a new business, it is important for you to have a bookkeeping process up and running from day 1.
☞ Pro Tip: If you're new to bookkeeping or unsure how you should manage your own books, you should consider outsourcing your bookkeeping.
Online bookkeeping systems make it easy to outsource your accounting to a company like Enkel when things get too complex, time-consuming, or costly.
□ Track your out-of-pocket expenses
Out-of-pocket expenses are business-related payments you make with your own money. These payments:
- get recorded in your accounting system as either business expenses or capital expenditures, and
- result in a business deduction and an IOU (from your company to you) called a shareholder loan.
☞ Pro Tip: Dealing with out-of-pocket expenses can be complicated - another great reason to work with a bookkeeping specialist like Enkel.
□ Find a third-party payroll processor
Payroll calculations are complex and change frequently. It’s often better to outsource to a company like Enkel than to try and manage payroll yourself.
□ Get business insurance
The most common insurance coverages include:
- General Liability,
- Business Interruption, and
□ Apply for business licenses and permits
Your location, industry, and business type will ultimately determine which governmental license and permits you need. Learn more about the business licenses and permits here.
A Note About Record-Keeping
The CRA requires that you keep financial reports and accounting and bookkeeping records for six years from the end of the last tax year they relate to. These documents include:
- sales invoices and purchase receipts,
- bookkeeping ledgers and journals,
- bank and financial statements, and
- various tax returns
Keeping your records organized, up-to-date, and accounted for is essential. Find out how Enkel can take the pain out of managing your bookkeeping records.